General and basic principles or relations in the system of the Chinese language from the viewpoint of V.V.Davydov’s theory of developmental teaching
Syaowai S. PhD student, Department of educational psychology, chair of educational psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, director of the Chinese language and culture learning center, firstname.lastname@example.org
The contribution analyzes the idea that the general and basic principles or relations in the system of the Chinese language are the structure relations. The author proposes to analyze the integral core system of the Chinese language (“hieroglyph + relation (structure)”), where the hieroglyph is a basic unit (a cell which includes general structure relations), and structure relations are general and basic principles or relations in this system, on the basis of which one can create and develop different sub-systems and integral system of the Chinese language. General structure relations of the Chinese language are the content of the basic substantial abstraction (theoretical knowledge) which is the main educational content. It is necessary to organize educational activity on the basis of these general relations, to foster cognitive skills for their understanding and learning, in order to actually learn the Chinese language - written and oral.
Keywords: general structure relations, interiorization of structure relations, flexibility, expressiveness, general and only system