Personal Determinants of Formation Disease Adaptation in Patients with Active Pulmonary Tuberculosis: a Comparative Analysis from the Standpoint of Gender Approach
Sevostyanova M.S. Clinical Psychologist, Director of Center , Center for Modern Psychological Technologies of System Development of Highly Adaptive Personal Potential and Professional Efficiency Management, Siberian Clinical Center, Federal Medical-Biological Agency of Russia, Krasnoyarsk, Russia, SevostyanovaMS@yandex.ru
We present the design and results of empirical research, facing the actual problem of integration of theoretical and methodological knowledge of different areas of psychology to solve actual applied problems of modern physical medicine. For the first time, we described the use of gender-based approach to the study of psychological structures of disease internal picture in men aged 25 to 49, suffering from various forms of active pulmonary tuberculosis no more than 3 years. The hypothesis that individual gender characteristics are personality determinants of formation specific adaptation to the disease is confirmed by the results of empirical research. The main conclusions of the work: 1) individual gender appearance is an important psychological factor in the development of a healthy personality; 2) internalization of certain personal characteristics in individual gender space affects the features of the formation of certain types of patients relationship to the disease. The study conclusions highlight the need to complement the complex biopsychosocial rehabilitation programs of somatic patients by methods of psychological intervention from the standpoint of gender mainstreaming, thereby having significant practice oriented focus.
Keywords: individual gender, gender Self, type of attitude to the disease, masculinity, femininity, androgyny
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