The article presents the results of the study of communicative competence in children with mental retardation. Experimental data on the development of communicative competence in children with mental retardation are presented, a comparative analysis with the data of normally developing children is performed. The connection between types of communicative competence in preschool children with mental retardation, their ability to cooperate with their peers: to plan, coordinate and carry out joint actions to achieve a common goal is empirically revealed. It is proved that communicative competence as a regulatory mechanism of the program of joint activity in children with mental retardation is formed at a delayed pace and requires additional training in order to develop the ability to perform group tasks. Experimental data allow to develop a model of communicative competence formation in children with mental retardation on the basis of the development of the allocated communicative competences in the course of joint activity with a peer.
Keywords: communicative competence, social interaction, preschool children, mental retardation, social and communicative sphere
Vygotskii L. S. Sobranie sochinenii: V 6 t. T.3. Problemy
razvitiya psikhiki [Collected Works: in 6 vol. Vol. 3. Problems of development
of the mind]. Moscow: Pedagogika Publ., 1983. 368 p.
Gavrilushkina O.P., Zarechnaya A.A. Issledovanie
sotsial'nogo vzaimodeistviya doshkol'nikov s normal'nym i zaderzhannym
razvitiem [A study of the social interactions of preschool children with normal
and impaired development]. Sbornik tezisov uchastnikov vtoroi Vserossiiskoi
nauchno-prakticheskoi konferentsii po psikhologii razvitiya "Drugoe detstvo"
(g.Moskva, 2009g.) [Proceedings of the Second all-Russian scientific-practical
conference on developmental psychology "Another child"]. Moscow: Publ.: MGPPU,
2009, pp. 54–57.
Gavrilushkina O.P., Malova A.A., Pankratova M.V. Problemy
sotsial'noi i kommunikativnoi kompetentnosti doshkol'nikov i mladshikh
shkol'nikov s trudnostyami v obshchenii [Elektronnyi resurs] [Problems of
social and communicative competence of preschool and primary school children
with difficulties in communication]. Sovremennaya zarubezhnaya psikhologiya
[Modern foreign psychology], 2012. Vol.1, no. 2, pp. 5–16. URL:
http://psyjournals.ru/jmfp/2012/n2/52248.shtml (Accessed 30.03.2018).
Gavrilushkina O.P., Egorova M.A. Deti s osobymi
obrazovatel'nymi potrebnostyami v nachal'noi shkole [Electronic resource]
[Children with special educational needs in the primary school].
Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie psyedu.ru [Psychological science and
education], 2016. Vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 141–152 doi:
Dmitrieva E. E. Sotsial'no-lichnostnaya gotovnost' detei s
zaderzhkoi psikhicheskogo razvitiya k obucheniyu v shkole [Social and personal
readiness of children with mental retardation to study at school]. Vospitanie i
obuchenie detei s narusheniyami razvitiya [Upbringing and education of children
with developmental disabilities], 2017, no. 5, pp. 33–38.
Zarechnaya A.A. Analiz konfliktov v gruppe detei starshego
doshkol'nogo vozrasta s zaderzhkoi psikhicheskogo razvitiya v sovmestnoi
deyatel'nosti [Analysis of conflict in a group of preschool children with delay
of mental development in joint activities]. Materialy trinadtsatoi gorodskoi
nauchno-prakticheskoi konferentsii molodykh uchenykh i studentov "Molodye
uchenye – stolichnomu obrazovaniyu" (g. Moskva, 2009 g.) [Proceedings of the
thirteenth scientific-practical conference of young scientists and students
"Young scientists – to the capital's education"]. Moscow: Publ.: MGPPU, 2009,
Korobeinikov I. A. Differentsiatsiya obrazovatel'nykh
potrebnostei kak osnova differentsirovannykh uslovii obrazovaniya detei s ZPR
[Differentiation of educational needs as the basis of differential terms of the
education of children with mental retardation]. Defektologiya [Defectology],
2017, no. 2, pp. 3–13.
Federal'nyi zakon «Ob obrazovanii v Rossiiskoi Federatsii»
N 273-FZ ot 29 dekabrya 2012 goda s izmeneniyami 2017 goda [Federal law "On
education in Russian Federation" N 273-FZ of December 29, 2012 with the changes
in 2017] (accessed: 30.03.2018).