Home | Site map | Contacts | Russian version E-journal "Psychological-Educational Studies" | Open Access Journal
Home page
electronic journal
Psychological-Educational Studies
Directory of open access journals ERIH PLUS VAK Scientific electronic library elibrary.ru

Journal rubrics

All rubrics
Psychological-Educational Studies
2018. Vol. 10, No. 4. pp. 23–30.
doi:10.17759/psyedu.2018100403
ISSN: 2587-6139 (online)

Empathic Behavior in Early Childhood under Condition of Taking the Mom’s Role in the Play

Yudina T.O. PhD (Psychology), Senior lecturer, Institute of Social Science, RANEPA, Moscow, Russia, judinatatyana@gmail.com
PDFFullrext in russian (PDF) PrintPrint

Following the modern theoretical and empirical data on the problem of relation between the role-taking and empathy abilities we supposed that empathic behavior in early childhood could be realized through acquiring the role “mom” within the role playing. In order to test our suppose we have conducted the ingroup experiment with 36 toddlers (M=35 months) and compared the frequency of the empathic behavior under two conditions: 1) taking the role of mom and 2) taking the role of friend by the toddler withing the experimental story-play with toys. According to our hypothesis we expected that children would display the empathic behavior more frequent in the condition of taking the mom’s role. Our hypothesis was not confirmed since the difference between conditions has been not significant. Such results reveal that the parental models do not serve significant mediating role in the child’s learning of prosocial behavior.

Keywords: empathy, empathic behavior, role-taking, empathy development, early childhood

Rubric: Developmental Psychology

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/psyedu.2018100403

For Reference

References

  1. Avdeeva N.N. Ponyatie identifikatsii i ego primenenie k probleme ponimaniya cheloveka chelovekom [Concept of identification and its application to the problem of mutual understanding between people]. In Bodalev A.A. (ed.), Teoreticheskie i prikladnye problem psikhologii poznaniya lyud'mi drug druga [Theoretical and applied problems in psychology of understanding each other]. Krasnodar: Kubanskii universitet, 1975, pp. 6—9.
  2. Bandura A. Teoriya sotsial'nogo naucheniya: Per. s angl [Theory of social learning]. Saint Petersburg.: Evraziya, 2000. 322 p. (in Russ.).
  3. Zakharov A.I. Psikhologicheskie osobennosti vospriyatiya det'mi roli roditelei [Psychological features in a child’s perception of the parental role]. Voprosy psikhologii [Questions of psychology], 1982, no. 1, pp. 59–68.
  4. Zaharov A.I. Prinyatie det'mi roli roditelei v zavisimosti ot kharaktera semeinykh otnoshenii [Taking the parental role in different family types] In Bodalev A.A. (ed.), Voprosy psikhologii poznaniya lyud'mi drug druga i obshcheniya [Problems of mutual perception and communication]. Krasnodar: Kubanskii universite, 1978, pp.133-138.
  5. Mukhina V.S. Vozrastnaya psikhologiya [Developmental psychology]. Moscow: Publ. tsentr «Akademiya», 1999. 456 p.
  6. El'konin D.B. Psikhologiya igry [Psychology of a play]. Moscow: Pedagogika, 1978. 560 p.
  7. Batson C.D., Shaw L. L. Evidence for altruism: Toward a pluralism of prosocial motives. Psychological inquiry, 1991. Vol. 2, no.2, pp. 107–122.
  8. Batson C. D. Altruism in humans. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011. 336p.
  9. Batson C.D., Early S., Salvarani G. Perspective taking: Imagining how another feels versus imaging how you would feel. Personality and social psychology bulletin, 1997. Vol. 23, no. 7, pp. 751–758.
  10. Dunfield K., Kuhlmeier V., O’Connell L., Kelley E. Examining the Diversity of Prosocial Behavior: Helping, Sharing, and Comforting in Infancy. Infancy, 2011. Vol. 16 (3), pp. 227–247.
  11. Eisenberg, N., Miller P. The relation of empathy to prosocial and related behaviors. Psychological Bulletin, 1987. Vol. 101, no. 1, pp. 91–119.
  12. Eisenberg N., Strayer J. Empathy and its development. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987. 406p.
  13. Feldman R. Mother-infant synchrony and the development of moral orientation in childhood and adolescence: Direct and indirect mechanisms of developmental continuity. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 2007. Vol. 77, no. 4, pp. 582-597. doi: 10.1037/0002-9432.77.4.582
  14. Feshbach N. D. Studies of empathic behavior in children. Progress in experimental personality research, 1978, no. 8, pp. 1-47.
  15. Flavell J. H. Cognitive development: Children's knowledge about the mind. Annual review of psychology, 1999. Vol. 50, no. 1, pp. 21–45
  16. Flavell J. H. Development of children's knowledge about the mental world. International journal of behavioral development, 2000. Vol. 24, no.1, pp. 15–23.
  17. Hoffman M. Developmental synthesis of affect and cognition and its implications for altruistic motivation. Developmental Psychology, 1975. Vol. 11, no. 5, pp. 607–622.
  18. Hoffman M. L. Empathy and prosocial behavior. In Lewis M. (eds.), Handbook of emotions . New York: Guilford Press., pp. 440–455.
  19. Jackson P., Meltzoff A., Decety J. Neural circuits involved in imitation and perspective-taking. NeuroImage. 2006. Vol. 31, no.1, pp. 429–439.
  20. Iannotti R. J. Naturalistic and structured assessments of prosocial behavior in preschool children: The influence of empathy and perspective taking. Developmental Psychology, 1985. Vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 46–52.
  21. Mikulincer M., Gillath O., Halevy V., Avihou N., Avidan S., Eshkoli N. Attachment theory and reactions to others’ needs: Evidence that activation of the sense of attachment security promotes empathic responses. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 2001. Vol. 81, no. 6, pp. 1205–1224.
  22. Selman R. L. Taking another's perspective: Role-taking development in early childhood. Child development, 1971, no. 3, pp. 1721–1734.
  23. Van der Mark I., van IJzendoorn M., Bakermans-Kranenburg M. Development of empathy in girls during the second year of life: Associations with parenting, attachment, and temperament. Social Development, 2002. Vol. 11, no. 6, pp. 451–468.

Subscribe

RSS — what is it?
Publisher — Moscow State University of Psychology and Education
© 2006–2019 Electronic journal "Psychological-Educational Studies", ISSN: 2587-6139 (2074-5885)
Publisher – Moscow State University of Psychology and Education
Яндекс.Метрика