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Psychological-Educational Studies
2020. Vol. 12, No. 2. pp. 91–107.
doi:10.17759/psyedu.2020120206
ISSN: 2587-6139 (online)

Features of Development of Social Intelligence in Primary School Age

Emelyanova I.V. Senior Lecturer, Chair of Developmental Psychology, Department of Psychology of Education, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, emerina@mail.ru
Kulagina I.Y. PhD (Psychology), Senior Research Associate, Professor, Chair of Developmental Psychology, Department of Psychology of Education, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, dissovetmgppu@mail.ru
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The article provides a review of ideas about social intelligence and information about severity of its various components in primary school age. During this period, the development foundations are laid for the next age stages, and social intelligence is the foundation of personal development. The review given by the authors showed that at the beginning of primary school age, social intelligence is at a low or medium level of development. Throughout the entire age period, the development of individual components occurs heterochronously. The child is consistently mastering social skills and is better aware of himself; these tendencies are distorted by the excessive enthusiasm for computer games. The regulation of their emotions and social sensitivity are initially more characteristic of girls, at the end of the period – to the same or greater extent in boys whose development of the emotional component of social intelligence is slowed down. At the behavioral level, the underdevelopment of the social intelligence of younger students is manifested in the difficulties of adapting to school life and communicative problems. Thus, social intelligence developed in primary school age ensures the use of optimal behaviors in interaction with others, satisfaction with family and school life.

Keywords: primary school age, social intelligence, social skills, interpersonal relationships, adaptation

Rubric: Developmental Psychology

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/psyedu.2020120206

For Reference

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