Home | Site map | Contacts | Russian version E-journal "Psychological-Educational Studies" | Open Access Journal
Home page
electronic journal
Psychological-Educational Studies
Directory of open access journals ERIH PLUS VAK Scientific electronic library elibrary.ru

Journal rubrics

All rubrics
Psychological-Educational Studies
2021. Vol. 13, No. 2. pp. 123–139.
doi:10.17759/psyedu.2021130208
ISSN: 2587-6139 (online)

Preferred Internet Content and Social Anxiety as Drivers of Internet Addiction in Teens and Students

Kazarinova E. PhD Student of the Department of Counseling and Clinical Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, kitty.41294@mail.ru
Kholmogorova A.B. Doctor in Psychology, Professor, Head of the Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Faculty of Psychological Counseling; Head of the Laboratory of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education; MRI of Psychiatry of Roszdrav, Moscow, Russia
PDFFullrext in russian (PDF) PrintPrint

The article presents the results of studying the connection between Internet addiction and social anxiety and the preferred types of Internet content among adolescents and young people studying in schools and universities. The sample consisted of 72 high school students of a secondary comprehensive school in Moscow aged 15 to 17 years (M=16), including 36 boys and 36 girls, as well as 72 junior students of Moscow universities aged 18 to 20 years old (M=19), of which 36 were boys and 36 were girls. The methodological complex included an Internet Addiction Test (K. Young), the original author's questionnaire of preferred Internet content, Social Avoidance and Distress Scale (SADS, Watson, Friend, 1969), Brief Fear of Negative Evaluation Scale (BFNE, Leary, 1983). It was revealed that the indicators of Internet addiction at the tendency level are higher in adolescents compared to students. Of the three components of social anxiety (social avoidance, social distress and fear of negative social assessment), only the indicator of fear of negative social assessment has a significant positive effect on the growth of indicators of Internet addiction in the combined group of respondents. The preference for content related to communication and self-presentation also has a significant impact on the growth of Internet addiction rates. Being overly concerned with other people's evaluations, seeking their approval, and focusing on self-presentation and social media communication all contribute to Internet addiction (increased time spent on the Internet, loss of control over it, as well as cognitive preoccupation with what is happening on the Internet).

Keywords: mental health, social anxiety, fear of negative evaluation, internet

Rubric: Developmental Psychology

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/psyedu.2021130208

For Reference

References

  1. Voiskunskii A.E. Issledovanie Interneta v psihologii [Researching the Internet in Psychology]. Internet i rossiyskoe soobshchestvo = Internet and Russian Community. Moscow, 2002, pp. 235–250. (In Russ.).
  2. Trusova A.V., Kanashov A.E., Angelovskii A.A. [i dr.]. Gendernye razlichiya individual'no-psihologicheskih harakteristik u podrostkov s razlichnym urovnem proyavlenii internet-zavisimogo povedeniya [Gender differences in individual psychological characteristics in adolescents with different levels of manifestations of Internet-dependent behavior]. Voprosy narkologii = Addiction Issues, 2020, no. 4(187), pp. 45–62. (In Russ.). DOI:10.47877/0234-0623_2020_4_45
  3. Gerasimova A.A., Kholmogorova A.B. Obshchaya shkala problemnogo ispol'zovaniya interneta: aprobaciya i validizaciya v rossijskoi vyborke tret'ei versii oprosnika [The Generalized Problematic Internet Use Scale 3 Modified Version: Approbation and Validation on the Russian Sample]. Konsul'tativnaya psihologiya i psihoterapiya = Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy, 2018. Vol. 26, no. 3, pp. 56–79. (In Russ.). DOI:10.17759/cpp.2018260304
  4. Zalyaeva A.V. Internet-addiktivnoe povedenie uchashchihsya v processe mezhlichnostnogo vzaimodejstviya [Internet addictive behavior of students in the process of interpersonal interaction]. Psikhologicheskaya pomoshch' sotsial'no nezashchishchennym litsam s ispol'zovaniem distantsionnykh tekhnologii (internet-konsul'tirovanie i distantsionnoe obuchenie): Materialy III mezhdunarodnoi nauchno-prakticheskoi konferentsii, Moskva, 27-28 fevralya 2013 g. [Psychological assistance to socially vulnerable persons using distance technologies (online counseling and distance learning): Proceedings of the III International Scientific and Practical Conference]. Moscow, 2013, pp. 295–297. (In Russ.).
  5. Grechaniy S.V., Egorov A.Yu., Soldatkin V.A. [i dr.]. Internet-addiktsiya u molodyh vzroslyh: formy onlajn-aktivnosti, polovye razlichiya, komorbidnye psihicheskie i narkologicheskie rasstrojstva [Internet Addiction in Young Adults: Types of Online Activities, Gender Differences, Comorbid Mental and Substance Use Disorders]. Voprosy narkologii = Addiction Issues, 2020, no. 4(187), pp. 78–102. (In Russ.). DOI:10.47877/0234-0623_2020_4_78
  6. Klimenkova E.N., Kholmogorova A.B. Validizaciya metodik diagnostiki social'noi trevozhnosti na rossijskoi podrostkovoi vyborke [Validation of Methods of Diagnosis of Social Anxiety on The Russian Adolescents]. Konsul'tativnaya psikhologiya i psikhoterapiya = Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy, 2017. Vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 28–39. (In Russ.). DOI:10.17759/cpp.2017250103
  7. Kochetkov N.V. Internet-zavisimost' i zavisimost' ot komp'yuternyh igr v trudah otechestvennyh psihologov [Internet addiction and addiction to computer games in the work of Russian psychologists]. Sotsial’naya psikhologiya i obshchestvo = Social Psychology and Society, 2020. Vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 27–54. (In Russ.). DOI:10.17759/sps.2020110103
  8. Loskutova V.A. Internet-zavisimost' kak forma nekhimicheskih addiktivnyh rasstrojstv. Avtopef. diss. kand. med. nauk. [Internet addiction as a form of non-chemical addictive disorders. PhD (Medicine) Thesis]. Novosibirsk, 2004. 157 p.
  9. Mudrik A.V. Social'naya pedagogika: ucheb. dlya stud. ped. vuzov [Social pedagogy: a textbook for students of pedagogical universities]. Moscow: Publishing Center «Academy», 2000. 200 p. (In Russ.).
  10. Pavlova T.S., Kholmogorova A.B. Gendernye faktory social'noi trevozhnosti v podrostkovom vozraste [Gender factors of social anxiety in adolescence]. Psihologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie = Psychological Science and Education, 2014. Vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 169–179. (In Russ.). DOI:10.17759/psyedu.2014060119
  11. Perezhogin L.O., Shalimov V.F., Kazakovcev B.A. Zavisimost' ot personal'nogo komp'yutera, interneta i mobil'nyh ustroistv, obespechivayushchih udalennyi setevoi dostup (klinika, diagnostika, lechenie). Metodicheskie rekomendacii [Dependence on a personal computer, the Internet and mobile devices that provide remote network access (clinic, diagnostics, treatment). Methodical recommendations]. Rossiiskii psihiatricheskii zhurnal = Russian Psychiatric Journal, 2018, no. 2. (In Russ.).
  12. Pogozhina I.N., Podolsky A.I., Idobaeva O.A., Podolskaya T.A. Tsifrovoe povedenie i osobennosti motivatsionnoj sfery internet-pol'zovatelej: logiko-kategorial'nyj analiz [Behavioral and Motivational Patterns of Internet Users: A Logico-Categoriсal Analysis]. Voprosy obrazovaniya = Educational Studies, 2020, no. 3, pp. 60–94. (In Russ.). DOI:10.17323/1814-9545-2020-3-60-94
  13. Reutov E.V., Trishina T.V. Internet-praktiki i informatsionnye predpochteniya naseleniya [Internet practices and informational preferences of the population]. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya = Sociological Studies, 2015, no. 4, pp. 140–148. (In Russ.).
  14. Sobkin V.S., Fedotova A.V. Set' kak prostranstvo socializacii sovremennogo podrostka [Network as a socialization space for a modern teenager]. Konsul'tativnaya psihologiya i psihoterapiya = Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy, 2019. Vol. 27, no. 3, pp. 119–137. (In Russ.). DOI:10.17759/cpp.2019270308
  15. Soldatova G.U., Zotova E.Yu., Chekalina A.I., Gostimskaya O.S. Poimannye odnoi set'yu: social'no-psihologicheskoe issledovanie predstavlenii detei i vzroslyh ob internete [Caught by the Same Net: A Socio-Psychological Study of Children's and Adult Ideas about the Internet]. Moscow, 2011. 176 p. (In Russ.).
  16. Soldatova G.U., Ilyukhina S.N. Autodestruktivnyj onlajn-kontent: osobennosti otsenki i reagirovaniya podrostkov i molodezhi [Self-Destructive Online Content: Features of Attitude and Response of Adolescents and Youth]. Konsul'tativnaya psikhologiya i psikhoterapiya = Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy, 2021. Vol. 29, no. 1, pp. 66–91. (In Russ.). DOI:10.17759/cpp.2021290105
  17. Soldatova G.U., Nestik T.A. Otnoshenie k internetu sredi internet-pol'zovatelej: tekhnofoby i tekhnofily [Internet users’ attitudes towards the Internet: technophobes and technophiles]. Vestnik Moskovskogo gosudarstvennogo oblastnogo universiteta. Seriya: Psihologicheskie nauki = Bulletin of Moscow State Regional University. Series: Psychology, 2016, no. 1, pp. 54–61. (In Russ.). DOI:10.18384/2310-7235-2016-1-54-61
  18. Kholmogorova A.B., Avakyan T.V., Klimenkova E.N., Malyukova D.A. Obshchenie v internete i social'naya trevozhnost' u podrostkov iz raznyh social'nyh grupp [Communication on the Internet and social anxiety in adolescents from different social groups]. Konsul'tativnaya psihologiya i psihoterapiya = Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy, 2015. Vol. 23, no. 4, pp. 102–129. (In Russ.). DOI:10.17759/cpp.2015230407
  19. Shneider L.B., Symanyuk V.V. Pol'zovatel' v informacionnoj srede: cifrovaya identichnost' segodnya [User in the Information Environment: Digital Identity Today]. Psihologicheskie issledovaniya = Psychological Research, 2017. Vol. 10, no. 52. (In Russ.).
  20. Avila G.B., Dos Santos E.N., Jansen K., Barros F.C. Internet addiction in students from an educational institution in Southern Brazil: prevalence and associated factors. Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, 2020. Vol. 42, no. 4, pp. 302–310. DOI:10.1590/2237-6089-2019-0098
  21. Brodovskaya E.V., Dombrovskaya A.Yu., Nechaev V.D., Sinyakov A.V. National profiles of internet-communication results of cross-national cluster analysis. European Journal of Science and Theology, 2015. Vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 125–130.
  22. Dalal P.K., Basu D. Twenty years of Internet addiction … Quo Vadis? Indian Journal Psychiatry, 2016. Vol. 56, no. 1, pp. 6–11. DOI:10.4103/0019-5545.174354
  23. Griffiths M.D. Does internet and computer “addiction” exist? Some case study evidence. CyberPsychology & Behavior, 2000. Vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 211–218. DOI:10.1089/109493100316067
  24. Griffiths M.D., Pontes M.H., Szabo A. The impact of Internet-based specific activities on the perceptions of Internet addiction, quality of life, and excessive usage: A cross-sectional study. Addictive Behaviors Reports, 2016. Vol. 1, pp. 19–25. DOI:10.1016/j.abrep.2015.03.002
  25. Heimberg R.G., Stein M.B., Hiripi E., Kessler R.C. Trends in the prevalence of social phobia in the United States: A synthetic cohort analysis of changes over four decades. European Psychiatry, 2000. Vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 29–37. DOI:10.1016/s0924-9338(00)00213-3
  26. Jaiswal A., Manchanda S., Gautam V., Goel A.D., Aneja J., Raghav P.R. Burden of internet addiction, social anxiety and social phobia among University students, India. Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care, 2020. Vol. 9, no. 7, pp. 3607–3612. DOI:10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_360_20
  27. Khalili-Mahani N., Smyrnova A., Kakinami L. To Each Stress Its Own Screen: A Cross-Sectional Survey of the Patterns of Stress and Various Screen Uses in Relation to Self-Admitted Screen Addiction. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 2019. Vol. 21, no. 4. DOI:10.2196/11485
  28. Rosenthal S.R., Cha Y., Clark M.A. The Internet Addiction Test in a young adult U.S. population. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 2018. Vol. 21, no. 10, pp. 661–666. DOI:10.1089/cyber.2018.0143
  29. Soulioti E., Stavropoulos V., Christidi S., Papastefanou Y., Roussos P. The relationship of internet addiction with anxiety and depressive symptomatology. Psychiatriki, 2018. Vol. 29, no. 2, pp. 160–171. DOI:10.22365/jpsych.2018.292.160
  30. Thorisdottir I.E., Sigurvinsdottir R., Asgeirsdottir B.B., Allegrante J.P., Sigfusdottir I.D. Active and passive social media use and symptoms of anxiety and depressed mood among Icelandic adolescents. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 2019. Vol. 22, no. 8, pp. 535–542. DOI:10.1089/cyber.2019.0079
  31. Vannucci A., Flannery K.M., Ohannessian C.M. Social media use and anxiety in emerging adults. Journal of Affective Disorders, 2017. Vol. 207, pp. 163–166. DOI:10.1016/j.jad.2016.08.040
  32. Young K.S. Internet addiction: The emergence of a new clinical disorder. CyberPsychology & Behavior, 1998. Vol. 1, no. 3, pp. 237–244. DOI:10.1089/cpb.1998.1.25
  33. Yücens B., Üzer A. The relationship between internet addiction, social anxiety, impulsivity, self-esteem, and depression in a sample of Turkish undergraduate medical students. Psychiatry Research, 2018. Vol. 267, pp. 313–318. DOI:10.1016/j.psychres.2018.06.033

Subscribe

RSS — what is it?
Publisher — Moscow State University of Psychology and Education
© 2006–2021 Electronic journal "Psychological-Educational Studies", ISSN: 2587-6139 (2074-5885)
Publisher – Moscow State University of Psychology and Education
Яндекс.Метрика