Home | Site map | Contacts | Russian version E-journal "Psychological-Educational Studies" | Open Access Journal
Home page
electronic journal
Psychological-Educational Studies
Directory of open access journals ERIH PLUS VAK Scientific electronic library elibrary.ru

Journal rubrics

All rubrics
Psychological-Educational Studies
2021. Vol. 13, No. 3. pp. 3–17.
ISSN: 2587-6139 (online)

Assessment of Inclusive Culture in a Preschool Educational Organization

Shemanov A.Y. Doctor of Philosophy, Leading Research Associate, City Resource Center for the Development of Inclusive Education, Institute of Inclusive Education Problems, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, ShemanovAYu@mgppu.ru
Samsonova E.V. PhD (Psychology), Head, Scientific and Methodological Center, Institute of Inclusive Education, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, SamsonovaEV@mgppu.ru

The purpose of the article is to discuss the characteristics of the tool for assessing the inclusive culture of a preschool educational organization, which involves not only examining the perception and attitude to the values of inclusion, but also making a statement of the observed parameters of their implementation in educational practice. Method: the results of a pilot study using a survey of teachers (N=46) and parents (N=78) according to the author's questionnaires are considered as a reflection of the problems of implementing the declared values of inclusive culture in the conditions of preschool educational organizations. Results: it was shown that, despite the generally positive assessment of the need to create conditions for the accessibility of the educational environment, support for children's initiative, and acceptance of all children, some respondents note the facts of rejection and exclusion from communication of some children, non-support of children's initiative. Conclusions: a questionnaire that includes specific indicators reflecting the implementation of inclusive values, in case of an interested answer to the questions posed, will allow respondents to assess the gap between the declaration and implementation and take steps to change the organizational culture towards greater inclusiveness, provided that the management supports inclusion and the involvement of subjects of educational interaction in changing it.

Keywords: inclusive culture, inclusive values, implementation of the declared values, preschool educational organization

Rubric: Educational Psychology

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17759/psyedu.2021130301


The article was prepared according to the state assignment of the Ministry of Education of the Russian Federation No. 073-00041-21-03 dated 06/11/2021 “Scientific and methodological support for the development of an inclusive educational environment in the system of general and vocational education”.


The authors are grateful for assistance in data collection Pashchenko S.A.

For Reference


  1. Alekhina S.V., Melnik Y.V., Samsonova E.V., Shemanov A.Yu. Ekspertnaya otsenka parametrov inklyuzivnogo protsessa v obrazovanii [Elektronnyi resurs] [The Expert Assessing of Inclusive Process Parameters in Education]. Klinicheskaia i spetsial'naia psikhologiia = Clinical Psychology and Special Education, 2020. Vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 62–78. DOI:10.17759/cpse.2020090203 (In Russ.).
  2. Booth T., Ainscow M. Pokazateli inklyuzii. Prakticheskoe posobie [Index for Inclusion]. Vogan M. (eds.). Moscow: ROOI “Perspektiva”, 2007. 124 p. (in Russ.).
  3. Volkova T.V., Hentschel T. Puti realizatsii inklyuzii. Primery inklyuzivnoi i sotsial'no-psikhologicheskoi praktiki v sisteme obrazovaniya Germanii [Inclusion concepts. Examples of inclusive and socio-psychological practices in the German Education System]. Sovremennoe doshkol'noe obrazovanie = Preschool Education Today, 2020, no. 2(98), pp. 38–50. DOI:10.24411/1997-9657-2020-10067 (in Russ.).
  4. Dorokhova T.S., Glukhikh S.I., Kudryavtseva E.O. Formirovanie inklyuzivnoi kul'tury sub"ektov obrazovatel'nogo protsessa v doshkol'nom obrazovanii [Formation of an inclusive culture of subjects of the educational process in preschool education]. Pedagogicheskii zhurnal Bashkortostana = Bashkortostan Pedagogical Journal, 2018, no. 3(76), pp. 57–63. DOI:10.21510/1817-3292-2018-3-57-63 (In Russ.).
  5. Mincheva O.S. Razvitie inklyuzivnoi kul'tury v ramkakh vzaimodeistviya sem'i i DOU [Development of an inclusive culture within the framework of interaction between family and preschool educational institutions]. Inklyuzivnoe obrazovanie: preemstvennost' inklyuzivnoi kul'tury i praktiki: sbornik materialov IV Mezhdunarodnoi nauchno-prakticheskoi konferentsii [Inclusive Education: Continuity of Inclusive Culture and Practice: Collection of Materials of the IV International Scientific and Practical Conference], ed. S.V. Alekhina. Moscow: MSUPE, 2017, pp. 459–465. (In Russ.).
  6. Oltarzhevskaya L.E. Razvitie adaptivno-vospitatel'noi sredy v inklyuzivnom obrazovatel'nom uchrezhdenii [Development of an adaptive educational environment in an inclusive educational institution]. Diss. … kand. ped. nauk [PhD in Education Thesis]. Moscow, 2012. (In Russ.).
  7. Pashhenko S.A. Otnoshenie roditelej k inkljuzii kak faktor formirovanija inkljuzivnoj kul'tury doshkol'nogo obrazovatel'nogo uchrezhdenija [Parents' attitude to inclusion as a factor in the formation of an inclusive culture in a preschool educational institution]. Master thesis. Supervision by A.Yu. Shemanov. Moscow: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, 2020. (In Russ.).
  8. Polyanskii A.I., Martirosyan V.D. Inklyuzivnaya kul'tura v obrazovatel'noi organizatsii [Inclusive culture in the educational organization]. Nauchnye trudy Moskovskogo gumanitarnogo universiteta [Scientific works of the Moscow University for the Humanities]. 2018, no. 1. Available at: http://journals.mosgu.ru/trudy/article/view/682 (Accessed 27.01.2021). DOI:10.17805/trudy.2018.1.7 (In Russ.).
  9. Starovoit N.V. Inklyuzivnaya kul'tura obrazovatel'noi organizatsii: podkhody k ponimaniyu i formirovaniyu [Elektronnyi resurs] [Inclusive culture of an educational organization: approaches to understanding and shaping]. Nauchno-metodicheskii elektronnyi zhurnal “Kontsept” = Scientific and methodological electronic journal “Koncept”, 2016. Vol. 8, pp. 31–35. Available at: http://e-koncept.ru/2016/56117.htm (Accessed 05.04.2021). (In Russ.).
  10. Starovoit N.V. Inklyuzivnaya kul'tura pedagoga: soderzhatel'nye kharakteristiki ponyatiya v kontekste pedagogiki individual'nosti [Inclusive culture of a teacher: meaningful characteristics of a concept in the context of personality pedagogy]. Izvestiya Baltiiskoi gosudarstvennoi akademii rybopromyslovogo flota = Bulletin of the Baltic State Academy of Fishing Fleet, 2018, no. 2(44), pp. 133–137. (In Russ.).
  11. Shemanov A.Yu., Ekushevskaya A.S. Formirovanie inklyuzivnoi kul'tury pri realizatsii inklyuzivnogo obrazovaniya: vyzovy i dostizheniya [Elektronnyi resurs] [Formation of inclusive culture in the implementation of inclusive education: challenges and achievements]. Sovremennaia zarubezhnaia psikhologiia = Journal of Modern Foreign Psychology, 2018. Vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 29–37. DOI:10.17759/jmfp.2018070103 (In Russ.).
  12. Shiyan O.A., Vorob'eva E.V. Novye vozmozhnosti otsenki kachestva obrazovaniya: shkaly ECERS-R aprobirovany v Rossii [New Opportunities in the Education Quality Assessment: ECERS-R Scales Tested in Russia]. Sovremennoe doshkol'noe obrazovanie = Preschool Education Today, 2015. Issue 7, pp. 38–49. (In Russ.).
  13. Yudina E.G. Shkaly ECERS kak metod otsenki kachestva i razvitiya rossiiskoi sistemy doshkol'nogo obrazovaniya [ECERS Scales as a Method of Assessing Quality and Development of the Russian Preschool Educational System]. Sovremennoe doshkol'noe obrazovanie = Preschool Education Today, 2015, no. 7, pp. 22–27. (In Russ.).
  14. Yusupov R.G., Zainulin R.I. K voprosu o formirovanii inklyuzivnoi kul'tury kak elementa pravovoi kul'tury v obshchestve i uchebnykh zavedeniyakh [Elektronnyi resurs] [The Issue of the Formation the Inclusive Culture as an Element of Legal Culture in Society and Educational Institutions]. Elektronnyi nauchnyi zhurnal «Vestnik Instituta prava Bashkirskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta» = Electronic scientific journal “Bulletin of the Institute of Law of the Bashkir State University”, 2019, no. 2(4), pp. 5–14. DOI:10.33184/vest-law-bsu-2019.4.1 (In Russ.).
  15. Ainscow M., Sandill A. Developing inclusive education systems: the role of organisational cultures and leadership. International Journal of Inclusive Education, 2010. Vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 401–416. DOI:10.1080/13603110802504903
  16. Booth T., Ainscow M. Index for inclusion: Developing learning and participation in schools. Bristol, United Kingdom: Centre for Studies on Inclusive Education, 2002. 102 p. Available at: http://www.eenet.org.uk/resources/docs/Index%20English.pdf (Accessed 17.02.2018).
  17. Hu B.Y., Szente J. Exploring the Quality of Early Childhood Education in China: Implications for Early Childhood Teacher Education. Journal of Early Childhood Teacher Education, 2009. Vol. 30, no. 3, pp. 247–262. DOI:10.1080/10901020903084330
  18. Lundqvist J., Westling Allodi M., Siljehag E. Values and Needs of Children With and Without Special Educational Needs in Early School Years: A Study of Young Children’s Views on What Matters to Them. Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2019. Vol. 63, no. 6, pp. 951–967. DOI:10.1080/00313831.2018.1466360
  19. Smidt W., Embacher E.-M. How do activity settings, preschool teachers’ activities, and children’s activities relate to the quality of children’s interactions in preschool? Findings from Austria. European Early Childhood Education Research Journal, 2020. Vol. 28, no. 6, pp. 864–883. DOI:10.1080/1350293X.2020.1836586
  20. Zollers N.J., Ramanathan A.K., Yu M. The relationship between school culture and inclusion: How an inclusive culture supports inclusive education. International Journal of Qualitative Studies in Education, 1999. Vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 157–174. DOI:10.1080/095183999236231


RSS — what is it?
Publisher — Moscow State University of Psychology and Education
© 2006–2021 Electronic journal "Psychological-Educational Studies", ISSN: 2587-6139 (2074-5885)
Publisher – Moscow State University of Psychology and Education